Gynaecologists are doctors who specialize in the health of women’s reproductive systems. They treat any conditions related to the female genital tract, such as pregnancy and infertility.
Dr Bhumika Shukla is a gynecologist in Noida with both MBBS and MD degrees.
Pregnancy is the condition in which a woman’s body is carrying an embryo or fetus. This can be detected through urine testing or blood tests for human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG).
Pregnancies typically last nine months, measured from the woman’s last menstrual period. They are divided into three trimesters of approximately three months each.
Women can be considered pregnant when their over-the-counter urine test returns a positive result or she receives confirmation through blood testing, ultrasound imaging or detection of fetal heartbeat. During this time, women may experience various symptoms associated with pregnancy.
Most pregnancy complications are preventable with early detection and professional medical help. It’s essential to tell your doctor about any worries or issues so they can put your mind at ease.
Infertility is the inability to become pregnant (conceive). Around 1 out of 7 couples will experience difficulty during their attempts at conception.
Infertility can often be due to issues in either the man’s body, but it may also be caused by the woman’s. Male infertility is commonly due to abnormal sperm.
After one year of trying to conceive and still having difficulty, it may be time for you to see a fertility specialist. Women aged 35 or older may also benefit from early referral to an infertility specialist.
A fertility specialist will test both you and your partner to identify the source of infertility. This may involve testing blood, urine, imaging tests, as well as sperm analysis to check your man’s sperm count and health.
Menopause is the condition in which a woman’s ovaries stop producing eggs and the body no longer produces estrogen – one of two major female hormones. It increases her risk for heart disease, osteoporosis and bone fractures.
Menopause transition, also known as perimenopause, begins eight to 10 years before a woman’s last period. During this time, estrogen production declines and may cause symptoms like hot flashes, night sweats, mood changes and fatigue.
Women who have experienced early-onset menopause (before age 45) should consult with their healthcare provider. A blood test may be necessary to check hormone levels or determine if there are symptoms related to menopause or another condition.
Menopause symptoms include hot flashes, night sweats and urinary urgency. They may also cause emotional changes, depression and minor joint pains for some women; in addition, some experience memory lapses or difficulty concentrating.
Sexual health is a complex topic that affects one’s physical, mental and social wellbeing. It should be valued and celebrated as an important aspect of life.
Sexual function can be compromised due to physical or medical conditions, medications and mental disorders like anxiety or depression. These causes should be identified and managed by a qualified healthcare provider.
Psychotherapy and behavioral treatments can assist individuals in overcoming barriers to healthy sexual functioning. They may address fears, anxieties, past sexual trauma and relationship concerns.
Antidepressant medications such as bupropion (brand name: Wellbutrin), nefazodone (brand name: Serzone) and mirtazapine (brand name: Remeron) may be beneficial.
Accurate information, ample time for development and practice of skills and resources, as well as encouraging thoughtful choices are all essential ingredients in developing healthy sexual health. It is essential that youth comprehend the positive aspects of sexuality and have access to comprehensive sex education programs; this teaches them how to make informed decisions regarding their identity and relationships.
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