The function of the generator is to provide large scale electric power production. It supplies emergency backup power to the electronic appliance when the electricity is unavailable. It’s the most reliable source of generating electrical energy.
The purpose of using a generator is to keep the main electrical appliance running without causing damage. Further, it keeps the work saved, keep the beverages cool, and protects the food from spoiling.
What is an Electric Generator:
An electric generator, in some ways, refers to dynamos. The function of this generator is to get mechanical energy (fuel/external sources), and then transform it into electrical energy (current/electricity). This transformation of mechanical energy to electrical energy requires an electric generator for generating electricity.
The mechanical energy includes fuel (gas, diesel, propane), and external sources (windmill/wind turbines, hydra/water dam, solar panel, coal, and so on). There are 9 main generator parts that all play a major role in producing electricity.
The electric generator has the ability to fulfil all kinds of electricity needs. It comes in different capacities and sizes to meet the small to big electronic appliance needs.
Types of Electric Generator:
1) DC Generators:
It classifies into 3 parts:
- Compound-wound Generators: Most of the DC generators refers as compound-wound.
- Shunts Generators: It uses the most in battery chargers.
- Series Generators: It works to light up street lights.
2) AC Generators:
The AC generator exceeds to run up to 25 kW. It’s a single generator that can support basic appliances.
Components of An Electric Generator:
- Engine—It gets input (mechanical energy) from fuel or external source.
- Alternator—It converts input (mechanical energy) into output (electrical energy).
- Fuel System—It keeps the generator system running.
- Voltage Regulator—It regulates the electrical energy (output) for proper functioning.
- Cooling System—It releases the heat of the generator outside.
- Exhaust System—It reduces the gas built inside the generator.
- Lubrication System—It keeps the function of the generator smooth and durable.
- Charger—It charges the battery of the generator.
- Control Panel—It controls the system of the generator.
How can Make an Electric Generator?
- When It comes to making an experimental electric generator, whether it’s small or big. The theory of electric generators is producing electricity from the magnetic field by a wire loop. Here are a few principles to consider before making:
- It’s necessary to decide the source of energy you want for your generator to generate electricity. Choosing the right source of energy is crucial for making a successful generator.
- It’s important to coil the length of a wire. The two sides of the wire loop should be easy to access. The more the coil will make, the more electricity will generate.
- Then, connects the wire loop to the fuel tank or external sources for well-connection.
- Inserts the powerful, strong magnet around the wire loop for proper and care-free rotation.
- Connects the external source or fuel tank to a battery.
- Start the external sources or pour the fuel helps the generator to activate and then starts to generate electricity.