The appearance of spots on the skin is thanks to various causes, including melasma. Also known by the name of pregnancy mask or chloasma, it consists of the looks of spots on the facial area, mainly on the forehead, cheeks, nose, or upper lip.
These spots are brown, light, or dark tones and are characterized by their symmetrical appearance on each side of the face. Although it can affect both sexes, it occurs more frequently in women.
Causes of the looks of melasma
Also called hypomelanosis, melasma is caused by a rise in melanin and incorporates a series of conditions that increase its appearance. Among these we find:
Skin phototype. Melasma tends to occur more frequently in folks that have a darker skin type compared to those that have a lower phototype.
Sun exposure also favors the looks of melasma, especially if adequate sun protection isn’t applied. For this reason, summer is typically the season of the year within which these spots appear most often.
Hormonal changes are another of the most causes. In fact, melasma appears more frequently in young women.
Being subjected to treatments like oral contraceptives or photosensitive drugs may also favor the looks of this skin pathology.
Pregnancy. it’s estimated that 1 in 10 pregnant women develop melasma during pregnancy, hence this condition is additionally referred to as the mask of pregnancy.
How to correctly identify melasma
Hyperpigmentation is the main symptom of melasma. initially, these spots are usually small, but they increase in size over time. they’re usually uniform and flat, which is the main difference with raised moles.
The area during which these spots appear, additionally to the characteristic brown color, may suggest that we face a case. In general, they have a tendency to occur more frequently in areas exposed to the sun. It mostly affects the middle of the face (forehead, nose, chin, upper lip, and cheeks), although it may appear within the jaw area and spread to the neck and arms.
In case of noticing the presence of those spots, it’s necessary to travel to a dermatologist, who will confirm the diagnosis after performing an examination with Wood’s light. additionally, this test will detect your type:
Epidermal melasma affects the superficial layer of the skin.
Dermal melasma, which is typical of the deeper layers. during this type, the spots usually have a grayish-blue hue.
A third type is combined, during which the spots have reminders of brown and grey.
Treatment and prevention of skin blemishes
Melasma isn’t more serious, being more of an aesthetic problem, so its main treatment is predicated on prevention.
Among the most measures to forestall the looks of those spots are:
The use of adequate sun protection throughout the year. In this sense, it’s about following the same old advice.
The type of protector should well be a high factor.
Avoid exposing yourself to the sun during the hours during which the peaks of radiation are reached, between 12 and 16 hours.
The use of makeup bases allows us to cover the presence of those spots.
In more serious cases, it’s necessary to travel to a dermatologist to judge our particular case and establish the acceptable approach, either by prescribing specific creams or surgical procedures.
Melasma may be a skin condition that consists of the looks of spots with brown tones on the face, mainly on the cheeks, nose, forehead, and upper lip.
It is not a significant disease and typically affects mainly women.
Among its main causes are sun exposure and hormonal changes.
The main treatment of melasma is predicated on its prevention, mainly on the employment of sun creams that protect the areas of the face exposed to the sun. you can take Triluma Cream 15 gm for Melasma and for pimple prevention Tretinoin Cream 0.025 for Acne