Alopecia areata is an autoimmune skin condition in which the body attacks its hair follicles, resulting in hair loss in patches throughout the scalp, face, or entire body. However, there is no one-size-fits-all treatment for alopecia areata. The best treatment for alopecia areata differs depending on the type and intensity of your hair loss, so choose the one that gives you the best results.
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Here are five choices to consider when choosing a successful cure for Alopecia:
Injections of corticosteroids intralesional
For light and localized alopecia areata, this is the most standard treatment option (a few patches of hair loss). “Corticosteroid medicines are normally given monthly for 3-6 months straight into the problematic areas by a board trained dermatologist – beneficial for more localized disease — i.e., individually identifiable patches of hair loss. It’s a lot more difficult when there’s a lot of hair loss on the scalp.”
To stimulate hair growth on the scalp and face, apply a topical minoxidil liquid once or twice a day if you have minor hair loss. It can be utilized; however, it is more successful when used in conjunction with injections. The National Alopecia Areata Foundation claims that this technique has minor adverse effects.
According to the National Alopecia Areata Foundation, this drug is given to bald spots once a day and kept on for 30-60 minutes before being washed off. It irritates the skin and, after 8 to 12 weeks, may induce hair growth. It’s a topical drug applied to the scalp for a brief period, and while it’s beneficial, it’s not as consistent as injections.
Corticosteroids for Topical Use
This type of treatment works by preventing hair loss by lowering inflammation surrounding the hair follicle. According to the National Alopecia Areata Foundation, potent topical corticosteroids may enhance hair regeneration by roughly 25%. Topical steroids are less effective than injections in general, although they may be worth trying in children or anyone afraid of needles.
Oral corticosteroids are a type of medication given as a pill to cure hair loss.
Topical Immunotherapy is when a dermatologist administers chemicals to the scalp, causing a skin rash that affects the body’s immunological response. After six months of this form of treatment, some people notice hair regrowth.
Immunomodulatory Drugs: This is a new form of medication explored to treat alopecia areata-related hair loss. The FDA has not yet given its approval. In the United States, it is undergoing clinical studies.
Immunotherapy is applied directly to the skin.
According to the Dermatology Association, this best treatment for the alopecia areata option is employed if you have widespread/complete hair loss. Your doctor uses a chemical on your scalp, which causes an allergic reaction. It affects the immune system and encourages hair growth. This is another topical alternative when the above topicals and injections have failed or supplement the above treatment.
Conclusion: Skin is indeed one of the largest organs of the body, and also one of the most visible parts of the body. Hence, there are multiple treatments for alopecia areata, but it is important to choose the best course of treatment. As per the treatments provided for above, you can make a choice, but always taking consultation from your expert, who will have more experience and intricate knowledge about the same.